WebRTC allows you to organize video / audio communication between users with the help of supported web browsers. This is an open source technology. It is quite new and grows rapidly. Under certain conditions, the majority of the most popular browsers support it. For example, the latest version of Google Chrome enables access to media devices (web-camera and microphone) only for the sites which have an SSL certificate.

To implement the connection between two clients it is necessary that they identify each other. For that, you should use a layer introduced by the signaling server. To implement it, use a web socket technology.

WebRTC for New Users: Terminology and How It Works | Wowza

How it works

To consider the process of implementation, let's take a look at the live project. The server is written in nodeJs with the web sockets covered into the socket.io library. The front end is implemented on the basis of AngularJS framework.

Step 1: Support and request sending

When two users try to establish the connection, first of all, you have to check if a browser or OS supports the access to the media device.

SetupRTC is a feature that checks whether the browser supports webRTC technology and whether the access to media devices is opened. If the above conditions are met, the PeerConnection object is initialized and the handlers are declared.

Step 2: Processing user's response

Once the connection request is sent successfully, you should notify a customer who is to accept the call. The server receives the signal alerting that client A wants to create a conference (in our case, video conference) with the client B by means of web sockets. At this stage, we can perform the necessary checks, for example, make sure that user A is not on the ban list of the user B.

onRequest - a function that processes the callRequest event on the server.

Step 3. Video conference initialization

Once the call is successfully accepted by the client B, client A sends the 'offer' - a special message to request establishing the connection between users.

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